Global Perspectives on Responsible AI

Global Perspectives on Responsible AI

An Interdisciplinary Research Symposium – 25/26 June 2020

One major challenge to humankind today is the transformative power of digital technologies, especially Artificial Intelligence (AI). The innovation dynamics of AI have attracted wide attention. Some fear that AI could pose a risk to societies, for example by augmenting and disseminating biases, by replacing human workforce, by undermining political deliberation or developing autonomous weapons. Others stress the opportunities of AI to improve health care, especially in times where we have to fight a pandemic, provide automated mobility, support the protection of the environment, protect our security with new and powerful means or otherwise support human welfare.

At our virtual conference in June 2020 we discussed some of the most pressing technological, philosophical, ethical and legal challenges of AI systems for the next decade from a global and interdisciplinary perspective. To this end we welcomed researchers, scholars, experts from various fields, and lawmakers to exchange thoughts and ideas about fundamental and specific key elements of responsible AI. The exchange with participants from different continents (Asia, Australia, USA, and Europe) and from different disciplines (AI, computer science, medicine, neurosciences, philosophy, and law) gave an opportunity to find a common basis and new answers to pressing questions of AI governance and regulation.


You can find videos of some of the talks here.


Thursday, June 25th 2020

8.30 am – 9.00 am Welcome
Saltus Group Responsible AI – Wolfram Burgard, Philipp Kellmeyer, Oliver Müller, Silja Vöneky (University of Freiburg & FRIAS)
Bernd Kortmann (FRIAS)
Frederik Wenz (University Medical Center Freiburg)

9.00 am – 10.45 am Scientific Challenges for AI
Chair: Wolfram Burgard (University of Freiburg, FRIAS & ELLIS)

Krishna Gummadi (Max Planck Institute for Software Systems): Foundations for Fair Algorithmic Decision Making
Bernhard Nebel (University of Freiburg): Moral Principles and Algorithms
Tonio Ball (University of Freiburg): AI for Medicine and Healthcare
Iyad Rahwan (Max Planck Institute for Human Development): How to make sure machines behave themselves?

10.00 am – 10.45 am Discussion

Virtual Coffee Break

11.00 am – 12.15 pm AI Legal Framework A Private Law Dialogue
Chair: Silja Vöneky (University of Freiburg & FRIAS)

Christiane Wendehorst (University of Vienna): Liability for AI and other Algorithmic Systems
Jan von Hein (University of Freiburg): Liability for Artificial Intelligence in Private International Law

11.40 am – 12.15 pm Discussion

12.15 pm – 1.15 pm Virtual Lunch Break

1.15 pm – 2.15 pm AI, Corporations and the Law
Chair: Joseph Straus (Max-Planck-Institute for Innovation and Competition)

Stefan Thomas (University of Tübingen): Autonomization and Antitrust
Jan Lieder (University of Freiburg): From Corporate Governance to Algorithm Governance: AI as a Challenge for Corporations and Their Executives

1.45 pm – 2.15 pm: Discussion

Virtual Coffee Break

2.30 pm – 4.15 pm New Approaches to Frame and Regulate AI: An European – American – Asian Dialogue
Chair: Jan von Hein (University of Freiburg)

Jens-Peter Schneider (University of Freiburg): A European Approach to regulating AI – the EU Commission White Paper of February 2020
Weixing Shen (University of Tsinghua): The Dual System of Responsible AI in Law and Ethics
Mathias Risse (Harvard School of Government): A Work In Progress: Regulation of Artificial Intelligence in the United States as of June 2020, as seen through a human rights lens
Mark Coeckelbergh (University of Vienna): Some challenges for Global Governance of AI

3.30 pm – 4.15 pm Discussion

Virtual Coffee Break

4.30 pm – 6.00 pm Panel: Pressing Topics of Responsible AI
Moderator: Eva Wolfangel (currently MIT)
Format: Introduction, 5 min Talks by Panelists, moderated Discussion

Haksoo Ko (University of Seoul): Covid-19, Contact Tracing, and Data Governance – a South Korean View
Volker Stollorz (Science Media Center Germany): AI and the Quest for Augmented Science Journalism
Anna Christmann (Member of the German Parliament): What kind of AI do we need for a Good Living and a Healthy Planet?
Hannah Bast (University of Freiburg): Artificial Intelligence, what is hype and what is real?

Virtual Coffee Break

6.30 pm 7.00 pm How to Frame AI Driven Risks – Part I
Moderator: Eva Wolfangel (currently MIT)

Interview with Jaan Tallinn (Centre for the Study of Existential Risk): The Ultimate Risks from Advanced AI

7.00 pm – 8.00 pm Virtual Dinner Break

Friday, June 26th 2020

9.05 am – 9.15 am Opening Remarks by Rektor Hans-Jochen Schiewer (University of Freiburg)

9.15 am 10.45 am Pressing Problems of AI Applications and Digitalisation – New Ethics and New Law?
Chair: Oliver Müller (University of Freiburg & FRIAS)

Ralf Poscher (Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law): Artificial Intelligence and the Right to Data Protection
Christoph Durt (University of Vienna): How to better understand AI (in order to assess it)
Tatjana Hörnle (Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law): Programming self-driving Cars for moral Dilemmas

10.15 am –10.45 am Discussion

Virtual Coffee Break

11.15 am – 12.45 pm (How) Should We Limit the Use and Development of Autonomous Weapons?
Chair: Oliver Müller (University of Freiburg & FRIAS)

Toby Walsh (University of New South Wales Sydney): Autonomous Weapons: A Scientist’s View
Markus Wagner (University of Wollongong): Autonomous Weapon Systems: Where Have We Come From, Possible Future Pathways
Alex Leveringhaus (University of Surrey): Ethical Issues in the Autonomous Weapons Debate

12.00 pm – 12.45 pm Discussion

Virtual Lunch Break

1.30 pm 2.30 pm AI induced Security Challenges
Chair: Silja Vöneky (University of Freiburg & FRIAS)

Ebrahim Afsah (University of Vienna): AI and National Security Law
Dustin Lewis (Harvard Law School): International Legal Responsibility concerning AI in Armed Conflict: A Framework aimed at Discerning General Concepts and Specific Attributes

2.00 pm – 2.30 pm Discussion

Virtual Coffee Break

3:00 pm 4.45 pm Panel: AI-based Neurotechnology: Brain Data, Mental Privacy and Neurorights
Chair: Philipp Kellmeyer (University Medical Center Freiburg & FRIAS)

Format: Introduction, 5 min inputs by panelists, moderated discussion


Rafael Yuste (Columbia University): The NeuroRights Initiative: Human Rights Guidelines for Neurotechnology and AI
Karen Herrera-Ferrá (Mexican Association of Neuroethics, Mexico City): Sociocultural Perspectives on Neurorights Marcello Ienca (ETH Zurich): Brain Data and Consumer Neurotechnology
Ricardo Chavarriaga (CLAIRE Initiative and ZHAW Zurich): Governance of AI and Neurotechnologies
Thomas Metzinger (University of Mainz): Three Types of Arguments for a Global Moratorium on Synthetic Phenomenology

Virtual Coffee Break

5.00 pm 6.00 pm AI Governance – Current Challenges
Chair: Philipp Kellmeyer (University Medical Center Freiburg & FRIAS)

Antje von Ungern-Sternberg (Trier University): Discrimination by Algorithm – Does Data Protection provide any answers?
Fruzsina Molnar-Gabor (Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities): Issues around AI in Medicine

5.30 pm – 6.00 pm Discussion

6.00 pm – 6.15 pm (pre-recorded):

Boris Paal (University of Freiburg): AI as a Challenge for Data Protection – Data protection as a Challenge for AI

Virtual Coffee Break

6.30 pm 7.30 pm How to Frame AI Driven Risks – Part II
Chair: Eva Wolfangel (currently MIT)

Johanna Thoma (London School of Economics and Political Science): Risk Imposition by Artificial Agents: The Moral Proxy Problem
Kate Vredenburgh (Stanford University): Against Rationale Explanations

7.00 pm – 7.30 pm Discussion

7.30 pm Closing Remarks
Saltus Group Responsible AI – Wolfram Burgard, Philipp Kellmeyer, Oliver Müller, Silja Vöneky


Prof. Wolfram Burgard (Robotics) – Dr. Philipp Kellmeyer (Neurology & Neuroethics) –
Prof. Oliver Müller (Philosophy) – Prof. Dr. Silja Vöneky (Law & Ethics of Law)

Team Saltus Responsible AI
Freiburg University


Speakers, Panelists, Chairs & Moderators (alphabetical order)

Ebrahim Afsah

Ebrahim Afsah, University of Vienna

Krishna Gummadi, MPI Saarbrücken

Jan von Hein

Jan von Hein, University of Freiburg

Tatjana Hörnle

Tatjana Hörnle, MPI Freiburg

Marcello Ienca

Marcello Ienca, ETH Zurich

Alex Leveringhaus

Alex Leveringhaus, University of Surrey

Ralf Poscher

Ralf Poscher, MPI Freiburg

Mathias Risse

Mathias Risse, Harvard University

Jens-Peter Schneider

Jens-Peter Schneider, University of Freiburg

Johanna Thoma

Johanna Thoma, LSE London

Antje von Ungern-Sternberg

Antje von Ungern-Sternberg, University of Trier

Kate Vredenburgh, Stanford University

Toby Walsh

Toby Walsh, UNSW Sydney


Christiane Wendehorst, University of Vienna

Eva Wolfangel

Eva Wolfangel